Every child deserves the best possible start in life and encouragement that enables them to fulfill their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and high quality early learning provides the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) sets the required standards to ensure that children learn and develop well. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure children’s ‘school readiness’ and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.

All teaching is planned to incorporate the Seven Areas of Learning into daily activities.  Children are encouraged to play and explore; they are encouraged to become creative learners and critical thinkers. These simple yet crucial skills allow children to develop into confident and well-motivated learners.

There are three prime areas that are particularly important for building a foundation for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, forming relationships and thriving. These areas are:

  • Communication and language – The development of children’s spoken language underpins all seven areas of learning and development.
  • Physical development – Physical activity is vital in children’s all-round development, enabling them to pursue happy, healthy and active lives.
  • Personal, social and emotional development – Children’s personal, social and emotional development (PSED) is crucial for children to lead healthy and happy lives and is fundamental to their cognitive development.

There are four specific areas that are concerned with the following:

  • Literacy – Reading consists of two dimensions: language comprehension and word reading. Skilled word reading, involves both the speedy working out of the pronunciation of unfamiliar printed words (decoding) and the speedy recognition of familiar printed words. Writing involves transcription (spelling and handwriting) and composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech, before writing).
  • Mathematics – Developing a strong grounding in numbers is essential so that all children develop the necessary building blocks to excel mathematically. Children should be able to count confidently, develop a deep understanding of the numbers to 10, the relationships between them and the patterns within those numbers.
  • Understanding the world – this involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community. The frequency and range of children’s personal experiences increases their knowledge and sense of the world around them
  • Expressive arts and design – The development of children’s artistic and cultural awareness supports their imagination and creativity. The quality and variety of what children see, hear and participate in is crucial for developing their understanding, self-expression, vocabulary and ability to communicate through the arts.